Readings 4 – Digital Citizenship (2.0?)

2017 – There are four levels of digital literacy according to The New Work Order (p30), including:

1 A digital muggle, requiring no skills;

2 A digital citizen, who uses technology to communicate, find information and transact;

3 A digital worker, who configures (such as website design or publication design) and uses digital systems; and

4 A digital maker, who builds and creates digital technology (for example JavaScript, HTML, Python and other programing tools)  Foundation for Young Australians.

  • What Kind of Citizen? The Politics of Educating for Democracy
  • Philosophers, historians and political scientists have long debated which conceptions of citizenship would best advance democracy (see, for example, Kaestle, 2000; Smith, 1997; Schudson, 1998).
  • While the personally responsible citizen would contribute cans of food for the homeless, the participatory citizen might organize the food drive.
  • if participatory citizens are organizing the food drive and personally responsible citizens are donating food, justice oriented citizens are asking why people are hungry and acting on what they discover.

These two articles were very interesting in different aspects to read. I enjoyed the article Digital Citizenship vs Digital Literacy because it really sums up what I have been experiencing in my exploration within this class and that is that the two topics seem to constantly changing. It reminds me of the content literacy class that I am also currently taking in that the definition of literacy throughout history has and still is changing. Literacy used to be thought of as just the idea of if you can read and write and now encompasses the aspect of what and how people take in and use the information they are reading.

The definition from 2017 seems so basic but I find it interesting that even just a year ago a digital citizen is just someone who uses technology to communicate and find information. Two years later there is so much more about digital citizenship and what that means in our technological world. I also liked the fact that they used the title of no skills at all as a muggle.

The second article entitled What Kind of Citizen? Was very interesting to read and get the perspective on the different types of citizens. I did enjoy the comparisons that each type of citizen would play in a food for the homeless. It really put into perspective how the three different citizens related to each other. It made me think about the percentage of citizens there are of each type in the world. I would say that most of us our personally responsible citizens. But your category of citizenship very well can change throughout your life so are we stuck in one category?

I am trying to figure out how these three roles of citizenship translate into digital citizenship or at least a comparison similar to food for the homeless. A personally responsible digital citizen I would say uses the internet for daily tasks like email, social media, and purchasing products. They don’t download things illegally and there actions on the web are done with honesty and integrity. A participatory digital citizen might create a web page or blog on the web and possibly use the internet for a business. I am not quite sure what a justice oriented digital citizen would do but I am continuing to think about it.

My post might be way off on the topics and take away from this sections readings but I hope I am understanding the grasp and concepts of this ever changing subject of digital citizenship.


  1. Chris Lott said:

    You make sense to me! My take is that the justice oriented citizen, in digital citizenship terms, would be one who uses technology to (at least try to) create change in their community and/or the world at a macro or structural level. These can be largely overlapping categories too!

    Perhaps the reason you are struggling to lay out what the justice oriented citizen would do is because it is hard to talk about citizenship in the abstract, digital or not. So let me ask you a question that narrows it down: what might someone with an interest in teaching math, so presumably one who believes math matters, do to be a healthy digital citizen of each of those types?

    June 24, 2019
    • admin said:

      So now when you posed the question of a justice oriented citizen that way I instantly had something come to mind!! A digital justice oriented citizen in math would have to be Salman Khan the founder of Khan academy. As a math student and now soon to be a teacher this is probably one of the best resources for math and it is absolutely free which is amazing. Someone who uses and watches the videos might be a personally responsible digital citizen and someone who uses the videos in class might be a participatory digital citizen.

      June 24, 2019
      • Chris Lott said:

        Great example! I often think about this along the lines of “numeracy” and understanding of statistics (both of which are significant issues in society today, imo): a participatory citizen might take their skills and understandings using math and stats to, say, vote wisely…a justice-oriented citizen might use these same skills and understandings to try to effect change in the system in new or larger ways, such as fighting digital redlining, working with groups that support vaccinations based on understanding the statistics, lobbying for more housing choice i urban areas through better zoning, etc.

        June 25, 2019

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